Power Structure for a Coup

On July 15, 1996, President Bill Clinton signed Executive Order 13010 to establish the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure.  The Order declares:

Certain national infrastructures are so vital that their incapacity or destruction would have a debilitating impact on the defense or economic security of the United States. These critical infrastructures include telecommunications, electrical power systems, gas and oil storage and transportation, banking and finance, transportation, water supply systems, emergency services (including medical, police, fire, and rescue), and continuity of government. Threats to these critical infrastructures fall into two categories: physical threats to tangible property ("physical threats"), and threats of electronic, radio-frequency, or computer-based attacks on the information or communications components that control critical infrastructures ("cyber threats"). Because many of these critical infrastructures are owned and operated by the private sector, it is essential that the government and private sector work together to develop a strategy for protecting them and assuring their continued operation.


Sec. 3. The Steering Committee of the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection. A Steering Committee ("Steering Committee") shall oversee the work of the Commission on behalf of the Principals Committee. The Steering Committee shall comprise four members appointed by the President. One of the members shall be the Chair of the Commission and one shall be an employee of the Executive Office of the President. The Steering Committee will receive regular reports on the progress of the Commission's work and approve the submission of reports to the Principals Committee.

(b) Members. The head of each of the following executive branch departments and agencies shall nominate not more than two full-time members of the Commission:

    (i) Department of the Treasury;
    (ii) Department of Justice;
    (iii) Department of Defense;
    (iv) Department of Commerce;
    (v) Department of Transportation;
    (vi) Department of Energy;
    (vii) Central Intelligence Agency;
    (viii) Federal Emergency Management Agency;
    (ix) Federal Bureau of Investigation;
    (x) National Security Agency.

Sec. 2. The Principals Committee. The Commission shall report to the President through a Principals Committee ("Principals Committee"), which shall review any reports or recommendations before submission to the President. The Principals Committee shall comprise the:

    (i) Secretary of the Treasury;
    (ii) Secretary of Defense;
    (iii) Attorney General;
    (iv) Secretary of Commerce;
    (v) Secretary of Transportation;
    (vi) Secretary of Energy;
    (vii) Director of Central Intelligence;
    (viii) Director of the Office of Management and Budget;
    (ix) Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency;
    (x) Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs;
    (xi) Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs.


Sec. 5. Advisory Committee to the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection. (a) The Commission shall receive advice from an advisory committee ("Advisory Committee") composed of no more than ten individuals appointed by the President from the private sector who are knowledgeable about critical infrastructures. The Advisory Committee shall advise the Commission on the subjects of the Commission's mission in whatever manner the Advisory Committee, the Commission Chair, and the Steering Committee deem appropriate.

...the Department of Defense shall provide the Commission and the Advisory Committee with administrative services, staff, other support services, and such funds as may be necessary for the performance of its functions and shall reimburse the executive branch components that provide representatives to the Commission for the compensation of those representatives.

(e) In order to augment the expertise of the Commission, the Department of Defense may, at the Commission's request, contract for the services of nongovernmental consultants who may prepare analyses, reports, background papers, and other materials for consideration by the Commission. In addition, at the Commission's request, executive departments and agencies shall request that existing Federal advisory committees consider and provide advice on issues of critical infrastructure protection, to the extent permitted by law.

Sec. 7. Interim Coordinating Mission. (a) While the Commission is conducting its analysis and until the President has an opportunity to consider and act on its recommendations, there is a need to increase coordination of existing infrastructure protection efforts in order to better address, and prevent, crises that would have a debilitating regional or national impact. There is hereby established an Infrastructure Protection Task Force ("IPTF") within the Department of Justice, chaired by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, to undertake this interim coordinating mission.

The Steering Committee shall oversee the work of the IPTF.

(d) The IPTF shall include at least one full-time member each from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Agency. It shall also receive part-time assistance from other executive branch departments and agencies. Members shall be designated by their departments or agencies on the basis of their expertise in the protection of critical infrastructures. IPTF members' compensation shall be paid by their parent agency or department.


Robert T. Marsh, Chairman, President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection
Merritt Adams, American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T)
Richard R. Case, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
Mary J. Culnan, Ph.D, Georgetown University
Peter H. Daly, Senior Advisor in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Management and Chief Financial Officer
John C. Davis, National Security Agency
Thomas J. Falvey, Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary, Office of Intelligence and Security
William J. Harris, Ph.D., Texas Transportation Institute
David A. Jones, Office of Safeguards and Security, Director, Policy, Standards and Analysis Division
William B. Joyce, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Stevan D. Mitchell, Department of Justice
Irwin M. Pinkus, Ph.D., J.D., Department of Commerce, Bureau of Export Administration
John R. Powers, Ph.D., M.Div. Ph.D., M.Div. FEMA, Policy Advisor for Strategic Planning
Paul Rodgers, J.D., National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners
Susan Simens, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Frederick M. Struble, Ph.D. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
Nancy J. Wong, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E)

Advisory Committee

Jamie Gorelick, Co-Chair
Senator Sam Nunn, Co-Chair
Maurice Greenberg 
Margaret Greene
Erle Nye
Floyd Emerson Wick
Sharon Sayles Belton
David Campbell
Charles Lee
Elvin Moon
Norman Mineta
Jeffrey Jaffe
Joseph Holmes
Robert Baxter
Mort Topfer
Jerome Davis
Robert Berdahl


Mr. Mineta, of California, is Senior Vice President and Managing Director of Transportation Systems and Services at Lockheed Martin IMS. A former Mayor of San Jose, California, Mr. Mineta was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1974, where he served for 21 years. While in Congress, he served as Chairman of the House Committee on Public Works and Transportation. Among his many contributions to U.S. transportation policy, Mr. Mineta oversaw airline deregulation during the 1980's and co-authored the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991. He holds a bachelor's degree from the University of California at Berkeley.

Mr. Maurice R. Greenberg of New York, New York, currently serves as Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of American International Group, Inc. Mr. Greenberg joined AIG in 1960 and was elected President of its American Home Assurance Company subsidiary in 1962. He is a past chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and is a current member of the Board of Directors of the New York Stock Exchange. He received his pre-law certificate from the University of Miami and an LL.B. from New York Law School.