Network Diagram

This diagram was posted on the Idaho State Department of Education website but it will be the same for all states very soon:

Notice that the school district data goes to the "cloud"  and is then stored in a Data Warehouse.  The State Agencies have access but by the direction of the arrow, it's a read only access meaning that the state does not control the student data. 

Student Data Elements - 2001 update to the 2000 Handbook

Student Data Elements Handbook, 1997

Idaho Data Dictionary